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Baktériumok, gombák, vírusok méretei

A baktériumok és gombák többsége nagyobb mint 0.1M, 0.01M-nál pedig a vírusok is nagyobbak.

Organism Microbial Group

Rod Length µm

Rod or Coccus
Diameter µm

Source Significance

Absidia corymbifera Gomba

3.8

Environmental Zygomycosis
Acetobacter Melanogenus Baktérium

1.0-2.0

0.4-0.8

Strong beer/vinegar bacterium.
Acinetobacter Baktérium

1.3

Environmental Opportunistic infections
Acremonium spp. Gomba

2.5

Environmental Extrinsic Allergic Aveons
Actinomyces israelii Baktérium

1.0

Humans Antinomycosis
AdenoVírus Vírus

0.08

Humans Colds
Alcaligenes Viscolactis Baktérium

0.8-2.6

0.6-1.0

Causes ropiness in milk.
Alkaligenes Baktérium

0.75

Humans Opportunistic infections
Alternaria alternata Gomba

14.4

Environmental Mycotoxicosis
ArenaVírus Vírus

0.18

Rodents Hemorrhagic fever
Aspergillis spp. Gomba

3.5

Environmental Aspergillosis, Volatile Organic Compound
Aureobasidium pullulans Gomba

5

Environmental Chromomycosis
Bacillus anthracis Baktérium

3.0-10.0

1.0-1.3

(1.1 average)

Environmental Causes anthrax in mammals
Bacillus Stearothermophilus Baktérium

2.0-5.0

0.6-1.0

Biological indicator for steam sterilization
Bacillus subtilis Baktérium

2.0-3.0

0.7-0.8

Biological indicator for ethylene oxide sterilization
Blastomyces dermatiitidis Gomba

14

Environmental Blastomycosis
Bordetella pertussis Baktérium

0.25

Humans Whooping cough
Botrytis cinera Gomba

7

Environmental Extrinsic Allergic Aveons
Cardiobacterium Baktérium

0.63

Humans Opportunistic infections
Chaetomium globosum Gomba

5.5

Environmental Chromomycosis, Volatile Organic Compound
Chiamydia psittaci Baktérium

0.3

Birds Psittacosis
Chlamydia pneumoiae Vírus

0.3

Humans Pneumonia
Cladosporium spp. Gomba

9

Environmental Chromblastomycosis
Clostridium botulinum (B) Baktérium

3.0-8.0

0.5-0.8

Produces exotin causes botulism
Clostridium Perinngens Baktérium

4.0-8.0

1.0-1.5

Produces toxin causing food poisoning
Clostridium tetani Baktérium

4.0-8.0

0.4-0.6

Produces exotoxin causing tetanus
Coccidioides immitis Gomba

4

Environmental Coccidiodomycosis
CoronaVírus Vírus

0.11

Humans Colds
CoryneBaktérium diphtheria Baktérium

1.0

Humans Diphtheria
Coxiella burnetii Baktérium

0.5

Cattle, sheep Q fever
CoxsackieVírus Vírus

0.027

Humans Colds
Cryptococcus neoformans Gomba

5.5

Environmental Cryptococcosis
Diplococcus Pneumoniae Baktérium

0.5-1.25

Causes lobar pneumonia
EchoVírus Vírus

0.028

Humans Colds
Emericella nidulans Gomba

3.3

Environmental Mycotoxicosis, Volatile Organic Compound
Epicoccum nigrum Gomba

20

Environmental Extrinsic Allergic Aveons
Erwina aroideae Baktérium

2.0-3.0

0.5

Causes soft rot in vegetables.
Escherichia Coli
(E Coli)
Baktérium

1.0-3.0

0.5

Indicator of fecal contamination in water.
Eurotium spp. Gomba

5.8

Environmental Extrinsic Allergic Aveons
Exophiala jeanselmei Gomba

2

Environmental Chromomycosis
Francisella tularensis Baktérium

0.2

Wild animals Tularemia
Geomyces pannorum Gomba

3

Environmental Extrinsic Allergic Aveons
Haemophilus influenzae Baktérium

0.5-2.0

0.2-0.3

Causes influenza and acute respiratory infections
Haemophilus influenzae Baktérium

0.43

Humans Meningitis, pneumonia
Haemophilus parainfluenzae Baktérium

1

Humans Opportunistic infections
HantaVírus Vírus

0.07

Rodents HantaVírus
Helminthosporium Gomba

12.5

Environmental Extrinsic Allergic Aveons
Histoplasma capsulatum Gomba

3

Environmental Histoplasmosis
Influenza Vírus

0.1

Humans, birds Flu
Klebsielia pneumoniae Baktérium

5

0.4-0.5

Environmental Opportunistic infections, causes pneumonia and other
respiratory inflammation
Lactobacillus Delbrueckil Baktérium

2.0-9.0

0.5-0.8

Causes souring of grain-mashes
Legionella pneumophia Baktérium

0.6

Environmental Pontiac fever
Micromonospora faeni Actinomycetes

1

Agricultural Farmers’ lung, Hypersensitivity Pneumonitis
Micropolyspora faeni Actinomycetes

0.69

Agricultural Farmers’ lung, Hypersensitivity Pneumonitis
Moraxella catarrhalis Baktérium

1.3

Humans Opportunistic infections
Moraxella lacunata Baktérium

1

Humans Opportunistic infections
MorbillVírus Vírus

0.12

Humans Measles (rubeola)
Mucor plumbeus Gomba

7.5

Environmental Mucormycosis
Mycobacterium avium Baktérium

1.2

Environmental Cavitary pulmonary disorder
Mycobacterium intracellulare Baktérium

1.2

Environmental Cavitary pulmonary disorder
Mycobacterium kansasli Baktérium

0.86

Unknown Cavitary pulmonary disorder
Mycobacterium Tuberculosis Baktérium

1.0-4.0

0.2-0.5

(0.86 average)

Humans Hard swelling of body tissues. TB
Mycoplasma pneumoniae Baktérium

0.25

Humans Pneumonia
Mycoplasma pneumoniae (PPLO) Baktérium

0.3-0.5

Smallest known free-living organism
Neisseria meningitidis Baktérium

0.8

Humans Meningitis
Nocardia Brasilensis Actinomycetes

1.5

Environmental Pulmonary mycetoma
Nocardiaasteroides Actinomycetes

1.1

Environmental Nocardiosis
Paecilomyces variotii Gomba

3

Environmental Mucormycosis
Paracoccidioides brasilensis Gomba

23

Environmental Paracoccidioidomycosis
Parainfluenza Vírus

0.22

Humans Flu
ParamyxoVírus Vírus

0.23

Humans Mumps
ParvoVírus B19 Vírus

0.022

Humans Filth disease, anemia
Pediococcus acidilactci Baktérium

0.6-1.0

Causes mash spoilage in brewing
Pediococcus Cerevisiae Baktérium

1.0-1.3

Causes deterioration in beer
Penicillium spp. Gomba

3.3

Environmental Mycotoxicosis, Volatile Organic Compound
Phialophora spp. Gomba

1.5

Environmental Chromomycosis
Phoma spp Gomba

3.3

Environmental Mucormycosis
Pneumocystis carinii Baktérium

2

Environmental Pneumocystosis
PoxVírus – Vaccinia Vírus

0.23

Agricultural Cowpox
Pseudomonas aeruginosa Baktérium

0.57

Environmental Opportunistic infections
Pseudomonas mallei Baktérium

0.77

Environmental Opportunistic infections
Pseudomonas pseudomallei Baktérium

0.57

Environmental Opportunistic infections
Pseudormonas diminuta Baktérium

1.0 0.3

Test organism for retention 0.2 µm membranes
RhinorVírus Vírus

0.023

Humans Colds
Rhizopus stolonifer Gomba

8

Environmental Zygomycosis
Rhodoturula spp. Gomba

14

Environmental Extrinsic Allergic Aveons
Salmonella enteritidis Baktérium

2.0-3.0

0.6-0.7

Causes food poisoning
Salmonella enteritidis Baktérium

2.0-3.0

0.6-0.7

Causes food poisoning
Salmonella hirschefeldii Baktérium

1.0-2.5

0.3-0.5

Causes enteric fever
Salmonella typhimurium Baktérium

1.0-1.5 0.5

Causes food poisoning in man
Salmonella typhosa Baktérium

2.0-3.0

0.6-0.7

Causes typhoid fever
Sarcina maxima Baktérium

4.0-4.5

Isolated from fermenting malt mash
Scopulariopsis spp. Gomba

6

Environmental Onychomycosis
Serratia marcescens Baktérium

0.5-1.0

0.5

Test organism for retention of 0.45 µm membranes
Serratia marcescens Baktérium

1.3

Environmental Opportunistic infections
Shigella dysenteriae Baktérium

1.0-3.0

0.4-0.6

Causes dysentery in man
Sporothrix schenckii Gomba

6.5

Environmental Sporotrichosis
Stachybotrys spp. Gomba

5.7

Environmental Stachybotryotoxicosis
Staphylococcus Aureus Baktérium

0.8-1.0

Humans Causes pus forming infections, opportunistic infections
Streptoccous lactis Baktérium

0.5-1.0

Contaminant in milk
Streptococcus pneumoniae Baktérium

0.9

Humans Pneumonia, otitis media
Streptococcus pyogenes Baktérium

0.6-1.0

(0.9 average)

Humans Causes pus forming infections, scarlet fever, pharyngitis
Thermoactinomyces sacchari Actinomycetes

0.86

Agricultural Bagassosis
Thermoactinomyces vulgaris Actinomycetes

1

Agricultural Farmers’ lung, Hypersensitivity Pneumonitis
Thermomonspora viridis Actinomycetes

0.6

Agricultural Farmers’ lung, Hypersensitivity Pneumonitis
TogaVírus Vírus

0.063

Humans Rubella (german measles)
Trichoderma spp. Gomba

4.1

Environmental Mycotoxicosis, Volatile Organic Compound
Ulociadium spp. Gomba

15

Environmental Extrinsic Allergic Aveons
Varicella-zoster Vírus

0.3

Humans Chickenpox
Wallemia sebi Gomba

3

Environmental Extrinsic Allergic Aveons
Yersinia pestis Vírus

0.75

Humans Pheumonic plague

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